The FMS is a ranking and grading system compromised of seven movement tests used to expose any physical limitations or weak links that increase the possibility of injury. By screening basic human movement patterns, functional limitations, weaknesses and imbalances can be identified. Once these weak links are identified, corrective exercises are assigned to improve the quality of movement. When this is accomplished the individual or athlete will have a greater movement efficiency, which will lead to improved performance and decrease in injury potential at work, sports or activities of daily living.


Functional Movement Screen (FMS)

  1. Overhead Squat

  2. Hurdle Step

  3. In-Line Lunge

  4. Shoulder Mobility

  5. Active Straight Leg Raise

  6. Trunk Stability Push-up

  7. Rotary Stability


The seven tests of the FMS are each graded 0-3 with a total score of 21 possible. If during any of the movements there is pain, 0 is the score and that particular issue is addressed in more detail through appropriate diagnosis and treatment strategies. If one of the tests is performed perfectly, it is graded a 3. A score under 14 increases probability of injury and decreased performance.

  • 0 = Pain During Movement

  • 1 = Failed Movement Pattern

  • 2 = Passed But With Some Compensations

  • 3 = Passed With No Compensations



In today's ever changing strength & conditioning market, athletes and individuals have access to a enormous amount of equipment and workout programs; however, the best equipment and programs cannot produce results if the fundamental weaknesses are not exposed. The idea is to individualize each workout program based on the person's weak link. This weak link is a physical or functional limitation. In order to isolate the weak link, the body's fundamental movement patterns have to be considered. Unfortunately, most people will not begin an exercise or rehab program by first determining if they have adequate movement patterns. By first looking at how an individual moves, a weak link can be identified. If this weak link is not identified and corrected, the body will compensate, causing inefficient movement. It is this inefficient movement that can cause a decrease in athletic performance and an increase in juries. 

Intended Purpose Of Movement Screening:

  • Identify individuals at risk for injuries

  • Assist in exercise program design

  • Provide a repeatable tool to monitor movement pattern development




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